Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865) favoured a conception of company contracts that did not fit into the fact that one person handed over sovereignty to others. According to him, the social contract did not exist between individuals and the state, but between individuals who did not coerc or govern themselves, each retaining full sovereignty over himself: the social contract was considered an "event" where individuals met and some of their individual rights were ceded so that others would cede their rights.  This led to the creation of the state, a sovereign entity, as individuals were today under their rule, which would create laws to regulate social interactions. Human life is no longer "a war of all against all." The ideal form that a government should take is an absolute monarchy, with maximum authority, undermining the natural state of humanity and thus creating a social order. But these arguments were based on a corporatist theory, found in Roman law, that "a populus" can exist as a legal entity. Thus, in these arguments, it has been argued that a group of people can join a government because it is capable of exercising a single will and making decisions with one voice, without sovereign authority - a concept rejected by Hobbes and the theorists of the treaty. Epicurus, in the fourth century BC, seemed to have had a strong sense of social contract, with justice and law rooted in mutual understanding and benefit, as evidenced, among other things, of these lines of its main teachings (see also epicurean ethics): Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) was born in Geneva, Switzerland, where all adult men could vote for a representative government. Rousseau went to France and Italy and was educated. Montesquieu wrote that the main objective of the government is to preserve the law and order, political freedom and the property of the individual. Montesquieu resisted the absolute monarchy of his home country, preferring the English system as the best model of government.
According to Pateman`s argument, a number of feminists have also questioned the nature of the person, which is at the heart of contract theory.