Secondly, an increasing number of disputes of origin arising from quota agreements such as the Multifibre Arrangement and voluntary restrictions on the export of steel; and until the conclusion of the three-year harmonization work programme, members are expected to ensure that their rules or origin are transparent; they are managed in a consistent, consistent, impartial and appropriate manner; and that they are based on a positive standard. (ii) in cases where the criterion of percentage of value is applied, the method used to calculate that percentage shall also be specified in the rules of origin; — minimum operations or procedures which do not in themselves confer the origin of a thing. (g) Rules of origin should be based on a positive standard. Negative standards can be used to clarify a positive standard. Competent authority: a provision listing the national authorities responsible for checking the rules of origin and issuing the certificate of origin. This is often the government or a government agency, which can then delegate the certification process to other national organizations. Period of validity: A provision which determines the period of validity of a certificate of origin or a declaration of origin (see proof of origin) from the date of its issue. (d) the rules of origin which they apply to imports and exports are not stricter than the rules of origin which they apply in determining whether a product is domestic or not and must not discriminate between other Members irrespected of the affiliation of the producers of the product concerned (2)) The WTO Agreement provides for the establishment of a Committee on Rules of Origin; where Member States consult each other on matters relating to the application of the Agreement. This Committee and a Technical Committee on Rules of Origin of the World Customs Organization (WCO) have been tasked with developing a permanent and harmonized set of product-specific rules of origin applicable to all trade in goods, with the exception of preferential trade between WTO Members. (Preferential trade is trade carried out in free trade areas or other regional trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement or trade preference programs such as the United States Generalized System of Preferences.) Both committees are still working on this project. Once completed, exporters will be able to determine exactly what origin criteria will be applied to their product lines when exporting to a WTO member country[...].
- No categories